UT - Aflatrol

Contrôle des Mycotoxines

Ingrédients : MOS manno-oligosaccharides glucomannans et fructose oligosaccharides, produit de fermentation de lactobacillus acidpophilus séché, charbon végétal, terre diatomée, argile bentonite sodique silice combiné avec les extraits à base de plantes, botaniques connus pour leurs effets.

Application : Typiquement utilisé dans le traitement de graine de mais et soja, pour alimentation animal - animaux d'élevage.

RECOMMANDATIONS :
Dosage .................................... 300 à 2 kg/ TM

Test de Recherche d'UT-Aflatrol Résulte & les Enregistrements

Test d'UT-Aflatrol - (Propriétés à 300 grammes/TM)

Aflatoxins................................ 90,0% réduction

T-2 Toxines ............................ 84,0% réduction

Deoxynivalenol ........................ 72,0% réduction

Vomitoxin ............................... 71,0% réduction

Citrin ..................................... 63,0%
réduction

Rubratoxin ............................. 62,0%
réduction

Griseofulvin ............................ 55,0% réduction

Zeralenone (F-2) ..................... 49,0% réduction

Le test du gouvernement ci-dessus mentionné a été dirigé sur le maïs et le soja.

L'UT-Aflatrol est enregistré dans Taïwan - l'Enregistrement de Taïwan No 901032309 et beaucoup de parties d'Asie, Amérique latine, Amérique du nord sous l'étiquette privée et ou/les accords de permis. La plupart de la recherche compilée sur ce produit que nous fabriquons a été compilée par nos distributeurs.

Les mycotoxines dans les aliments et leur devenir chez le ruminant. Les mycotoxines sont des métabolites secondaires produits par les moisissures appartenant principalement aux genres Aspergillus, Penicillium et Fusarium.

Ces moisissures se développent sur les grains des céréales et dans les fourrages pendant la culture au champ, pendant la récolte et durant la période de conservation. Les mycotoxines sont souvent présentes en mélange et constituent un risque pour les consommateurs en raison de leur synergie.

Le métabolisme des mycotoxines est complexe. Il implique chez l'homme et les animaux, des voies de bioactivation et de détoxication. La détoxication fait appel à des processus de biotransformation impliquant des enzymes de l'hôte et de l'écosystème microbien présent dans le tube digestif.

Certaines des toxines ou de leurs métabolites peuvent être fixés dans les tissus animaux ou humains. La toxicité se manifeste généralement sous forme de troubles chroniques difficiles à identifier.

La présence de mycotoxines dans les aliments diminue la plupart du temps les quantités d'aliments ingérés ainsi que les performances zootechniques des animaux. La présence de résidus toxiques dans les produits animaux destinés à la consommation humaine (lait, viande, abats) constitue un risque potentiel qu'il est nécessaire d'évaluer pour mieux répondre à la demande sociétale de sécurité dans la chaîne alimentaire.

Des doses acceptables devront être définies pour les toxines les plus dangereuses. En parallèle, des moyens de contrôle devront être mis en place pour vérifier l'innocuité des produits alimentaires mis sur le marché. Le risque potentiel des mycotoxines peut être diminué en évitant la contamination des plantes par les moisissures au moment de leur culture, de leur récolte et de leur conservation. Il est également possible de réduire la concentration en toxines des plantes contaminées par dilution avec des aliments sains et par des traitements appropriés, et (ou) de limiter la biodisponibilité des mycotoxines par l'ajout de ligands spécifiques.

Bio-Logics Equine Products Emballage: 450gr 

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Information Educative / Ref. Recherche

Effects of Mycotoxins in Animal Feeds (NC State University)

Swine: Swine are sensitive to mycotoxins, especially nursing
or nursery-age swine. In general, mycotoxins cause reductions in feed intake, growth performance, and immune function when levels are relatively low. Producers must be aware that if one toxin is identified in a sample, the chances are high that other toxins are present. Some toxins may not have been identified as of yet, but research on known mycotoxins provides insight into the expected effects in swine and potential methods to reduce those effects. Table 3 contains a summary of the maximum permissible concentrations of mycotoxins in swine feeds.

Aflatoxin B1 has been the most extensively studied.
Twenty to 200 ppb will cause a decrease in feed intake and growth performance, which can be partially offset by increasing specific dietary nutrients such as lysine or methionine. In severe cases (1,000 to 5,000 ppb) of aflatoxicosis, one can expect acute effects including death. Aflatoxin M1 appears in milk of sows consuming aflatoxin-contaminated diets and may affect piglets nursing those sows.

Feed concentrations of deoxynivalenol (DON) of 300 to 500 ppb
are often associated with feed refusal, decreased weight gain, and increased incidence of infectious diseases. DON levels greater than 1000 ppb, will cause feed refusal or decrease in feed intake resulting in severe weight loss. It appears that pigs will often consume a sufficient amount of contaminated feed to induce vomiting. In fact, DON is also called vomitoxin because of its association with swine vomiting.

T-2 toxin has detrimental effects on swine performance,
but no effect levels have not been determined for commercial production environments. However, field observations indicated that T-2 and related compounds are associated with decreased productivity at feed concentrations of 200 ppb or less.

Zearalenone will significantly affect the reproductive
performance of swine. Prepuberal gilts are the most sensitive to zearalenone. The symptoms commonly observed when feeding diets contaminated with zearalenone include a reddening and increased size of the vulva, and increased size of mammary tissue. Zearalenone will cause embryonic mortality at certain stages of gestation. Fertility problems are often associated with zearalenone concentrations of 100 to 200 ppb in sow feeds.

Poultry : Aflatoxin affects all poultry species.
Although it generally takes relatively high levels to cause mortality, low levels can be detrimental if continually fed. Young poultry, especially ducks and turkeys, are very susceptible. As a general rule, growing poultry should not receive more than 20 ppb aflatoxin in the diet. However, feeding levels lower than 20 ppb may still reduce their resistance to disease, decrease their ability to withstand stress and bruising, and generally make them unthrifty.

Laying hens generally can tolerate higher levels
than young birds, but levels should still be less than 50 ppb. Aflatoxin contamination can reduce the birds' ability to withstand stress by inhibiting the immune system. This malfunction can reduce egg size and possibly lower egg production. In addition, one must pay special attention to the use of contaminated corn in layer rations because eggs are promptly used as human food and aflatoxin metabolites have been found in egg yolks.

Mycotoxin levels found in most field situations tend to be
low. Yet the combination of low levels of mycotoxins with the stresses associated with commercial production situations and/or exposure to disease organisms can produce effects in poultry which are subtle, indirect, and sometimes ill-defined. Since the effects of mycotoxins on poultry are dependant upon the age, physiological state, and nutritional status of the animals at the time of exposure, and since mold growth at various points within the feed production and distribution system can magnify mycotoxin problems, mycotoxicoses can be difficult to diagnose in field situations.

Mycotoxins produced by the mold genus Fusarium include: T-2
toxin and it's chemical relatives (trichothecenes), deoxynivalenol (DON), fumonisin, and zearalenone. Other animals tend to be more sensitive to the effects of fumonisin, deoxynivalenol, and zearalenone when compared to poultry. Nevertheless, detection of these mycotoxins within poultry rations indicates that the ration or the ingredients within the ration have been subjected to mold activity. Since numerous other mycotoxins, as well as reduced nutritive value and palatability of feeds, are generated by mold activity, the presence of fumonisin, deoxynivalenol, or zearalenone in poultry feeds is cause for concern.

T-2 toxin and trichothecenes can cause mouth
and intestinal lesions as well as impair the birds' immune response, causing egg production declines, decreased feed consumption, weight loss, and altered feather patterns. While much is yet to be learned, T-2 toxin and related compounds are currently thought to be the most potent Fusarium mycotoxin for poultry.

DON alone has few effects in poultry.
However, in field situations the DON level is sometimes associated with reduced feed consumption in layers and broiler breeders. This means that DON may be an indicator that T-2 or other unknown Fusarium mycotoxins are present.

Dairy Cattle Aflatoxin-contaminated feed not only reduces
animal performance and overall health, but it also creates risks of residues in milk. Aflatoxin is secreted into milk in the form of aflatoxin M1 with residues approximately equal to 1 to 2 percent (1.7 percent average) of the dietary level. This ratio is not influenced greatly by milk production level since higher producing cows consume more feed and have a slightly higher transmission rate. Due to risks of milk residues, dietary aflatoxin should be kept below 25 ppb. This level is conservative due to: (1) nonuniform distribution of aflatoxin in grain and feed, (2) uncertainties in sampling and analysis, and (3) the potential for having more than one source of aflatoxin in the diet. Replacement animals may tolerate 50 to 100 ppb aflatoxin.

In dairy cattle DON is associated with reduced
feed intake, lower milk production, elevated milk somatic cell counts, and reduced reproductive efficiency. Milk production loss appears to occur when diets contain more than 300 ppb DON. Although controlled research has shown no cause and effect relationship between DON levels and reduced milk production, field observations have shown that reductions in milk output of 25 pounds per cow were seen when DON was 500 ppb or more. This suggests that DON may serve as a marker for feed that was exposed to a situation conducive to mold growth and mycotoxin formation. The possible presence of other mycotoxins, or factors more toxic than DON, seems likely. Dietary levels of 300 to 500 ppb DON in dairy feeds indicate mycotoxin problems and warrant attention.

Zearalenone causes estrogenic responses in dairy
cattle, and large doses of this toxin are associated with abortions. Other responses of dairy animals to zearalenone may include reduced feed intake, decreased milk production, vaginitis, vaginal secretions, poor reproductive performance, and mammary gland enlargement in virgin heifers. Establishment of a tolerable level of zearalenone for dairy cattle is difficult, and is at best only a guess based on a meager amount of data and field observations. As with DON, zearalenone may serve as a marker for toxic feed. It is suggested that zearalenone not exceed 250 ppb in the total diet.

In dairy cattle T-2 toxin has been associated
with feed refusal, production losses, gastroenteritis, intestinal hemorrhages, and death. T-2 has also been associated with reduced immune response in calves. Data with dairy cattle are not sufficient to establish a tolerable level of T-2 in the diet. Therefore, a practical recommendation may be to avoid T-2 in excess of 100 ppb in the total diet for growing or lactating dairy animals.

Fumonisin is another
commonly isolated mycotoxin. However, fumonisin has only recently been isolated and only enough data exist to know that levels in excess of 20,000 ppb are potentially toxic to ruminants.

Beef Cattle
Aflatoxin and other mycotoxins can
have considerable effects on beef cattle although the problems are usually less critical than for swine and poultry. Consumption of feeds highly contaminated with aflatoxin may reduce growth rate and increase the amount of feed required per pound of gain. Calves are generally more sensitive to feed contamination than adult cattle. In affected calves, some cases have revealed severe rectal straining and a prolapsed rectum. Lactating cows show a significant reduction in milk yield. Research has shown that high levels of aflatoxin can also cause liver damage in adult cattle. Feeding a high level of aflatoxin may also depress immune function, resulting in disease outbreaks.

CFIA MAPAQ WatchDog?

 

Au Canada, l'UT-Aflatrol est disponible pour utilisation pour les animaux de compagnie pressentiment ?

 

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Division Exportation Internationale
Laboratoires Ultrateck Laboratories Inc.
Rigaud, Quebec, Canada J0P 1P0

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Conditions: Il est de  la responsabilité des clients qui l'usage spécifique de nos produits ne transgresse pas les lois locales, actes, règlements, brevets ou autres droits de troisième parti et accepte les produits sur ces conditions.

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